Celibacy – Zölibat

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Jesus‘ own teaching and his attitude toward the total truthfulness and supreme authority of the BibleGod‘s inspired Word—make the Scriptures our final rule for faith and practice.

Celibacy and Pederasty Begin

Jesus personally selected His apostles and disciples and all were married. Jesus also forbade His priests to abandon their wives but did allow later priests to remain unmarried should they freely choose to do so. Christ required no priest renounce marriage in order to serve Him – this was Jesus’ doctrine of Holy Matrimony. But, today His doctrine has been changed – St. Peter could not become a priest. What brought about this change?

Only during the second century does history reveal Hellenistic converts who had originally followed the non-Christian Gnostic belief that only celibate priests were capable of communing directly with God do we find the entrance of celibate priests, and with them came pederasty and misogyny. Ancient Christian texts, written before the New Testament, addressed the problem of pederasty among celibate converts, stating, “Thou shall not seduce boys.” St. Ignatius of Antioch, a follower of Apostle St. John, expressed grave concerns about the efficacy of celibate priests in 108AD; the Council of Elvira in Spain attempted to mandate celibacy in 306AD but was also aware of this problem, stating, “To defilers of boys, communion is not to be given, even at death.” By 1049AD the priesthood was imploding as a result of failed attempts to force celibacy upon the priesthood. Some priests were forced to live covertly with their wives to prevent them being sold into slavery. By then debauchery among celibates was so rampant St. Peter Damian pleaded with Pope Leo IX to defrock the increasing numbers of priests who were having “incestuous relations with their spiritual children.” The pope refused.

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A brief history of celibacy

First Century
Peter, the first pope, and the apostles that Jesus chose were, for the most part, married men. The New Testament implies that women presided at eucharistic meals in the early church.

Second and Third Century
Age of Gnosticism: light and spirit are good, darkness and material things are evil. A person cannot be married and be perfect. However, most priests were married.

Fourth Century
306-Council of Elvira, Spain, decree #43: a priest who sleeps with his wife the night before Mass will lose his job.
325-Council of Nicea: decreed that after ordination a priest could not marry. Proclaimed the Nicene Creed.
352-Council of Laodicea: women are not to be ordained. This suggests that before this time there was ordination of women.
385-Pope Siricius left his wife in order to become pope. Decreed that priests may no longer sleep with their wives.

Fifth Century
401-St. Augustine wrote, “Nothing is so powerful in drawing the spirit of a man downwards as the caresses of a woman.”

Sixth Century
567-2nd Council of Tours: any cleric found in bed with his wife would be excommunicated for a year and reduced to the lay state.
580-Pope Pelagius II: his policy was not to bother married priests as long as they did not hand over church property to wives or children.
590-604-Pope Gregory “the Great” said that all sexual desire is sinful in itself (meaning that sexual desire is intrinsically evil?).

Seventh Century
France: documents show that the majority of priest were married.

Eighth Century
St. Boniface reported to the pope that in Germany almost no bishop or priest was celibate.

Ninth Century
836-Council of Aix-la-Chapelle openly admitted that abortions and infanticide took place in convents and monasteries to cover up activities of uncelibate clerics.
St. Ulrich, a holy bishop, argued from scripture and common sense that the only way to purify the church from the worst excesses of celibacy was to permit priests to marry.

Eleventh Century
1045Benedict IX dispensed himself from celibacy and resigned in order to marry.
1074-Pope Gregory VII said anyone to be ordained must first pledge celibacy: ‘priests [must] first escape from the clutches of their wives.’
1095-Pope Urban II had priests’ wives sold into slavery, children were abandoned.

Twelfth Century
1123-Pope Calistus II: First Lateran Council decreed that clerical marriages were invalid.
1139-Pope Innocent II: Second Lateran Council confirmed the previous council’s decree.

Fourteenth Century
Bishop Pelagio complains that women are still ordained and hearing confessions.

Fifteenth Century
Transition; 50% of priests are married and accepted by the people.

Sixteenth Century
1545-63-Council of Trent states that celibacy and virginity are superior to marriage.
1517-Martin Luther.
1530-Henry VIII.

Seventeenth Century
Inquisition. Galileo. Newton.

Eighteenth Century
1776-American Declaration of Independence.
1789-French Revolution.

Nineteenth Century
1804-Napoleon.
1882-Darwin.
1847-Marx, Communist Manifesto.
1858-Freud.
1869-First Vatican Council; infallibility of pope.

Twentieth Century
1930-Pope Pius XI: sex can be good and holy.
1951-Pope Pius XII: married Lutheran pastor ordained catholic priest in Germany.
1962-Pope John XXIII: Vatican Council II; vernacular; marriage is equal to virginity.
1966-Pope Paul VI: celibacy dispensations.
1970s-Ludmilla Javorova and several other Czech women ordained to serve needs of women imprisoned by Communists.
1978-Pope John Paul II: puts a freeze on dispensations.
1983-New Canon Law.
1980-Married Anglican/Episcopal pastors are ordained as catholic priests in the U.S.; also in Canada and England in 1994

Read more :  Popes who were married, popes who were the sons of other popes, Myths and Facts

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Posted by myblog   @   25 February 2010 0 comments

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